Kumaon Mastiff-On the Verge of Extinction
The Kumaon Mastiff is an endangered breed that is considered a primitive breed of the Mediterranean. Although
its fate was inclined towards extinction, renewed interest and attention has given the breed the chance to
propagate new progenies. It is rumored that the breed’s number has fallen sharply in the regions in which it was
domiciled and only a few heads of this breed remain. However, the breed has gained popularity in Europe where it is
used as pets.
This breed is believed to have originated in the Himalayan Mountains where it was
first bred by native Kumaon Indian tribesmen. Dog pundits believe that the primitive ancestors were first domiciled
in Cyprus before they were introduced to the region by explorers. Regardless of its controversial origin, the
Kumaon Mastiff breed shares some similarities with the Indian Mastiff. Sadly, it has not
received official recognition even in the face of an imminent extinction.
Some pundits believe its ancestors were bred by the famous conqueror Alexander the great
and introduced to Asia on his excursions in the Indian subcontinent at about 300 BC. There is a greater possibility
that the Kumaon Mastiff is a distant cousin of the Indian breeds than Molossers of Europe. Although there might a
possibility that the breed actually descended from the Cyprus ancestors, the connection between them is quite
unclear and there is no documented evidence to support this belief. So questions still abound about the validity of
these unsubstantiated claims.
The Kumaon Mastiff is not popular in many places but in the regions in which it
originated. Although it has been exported to Europe, the chances for its survival still remains slim because no one
has taken bold move to propagate them. Naturally, this Mastiff is a very independent dog that values its space and
it may become aggressive when another dog intrudes into its territory. A great way to tame this aggressive dog is
to train it in its infancy so that it can grow to like and relate with people.
Generally, the Kumaon Mastiff has a smooth and short coat and comes in different
shades with the dominant color being either black or brown or mixed shades. Some have white patches and lines which
are more visible on the chest and on the face. This breed has well developed bones and the body is
characteristically muscular and thin. It also has sturdy legs and a prominent head on which rests a medium sized
The Kumaon Mastiff is a very aggressive breed and only experienced dog handlers can be
able to deal with their intimidating ferocity. However, the tamed breeds are somehow gentle and good natured but
the owners should not forget that they can be inclined to savagery by instinct.
So, utmost care should be taken when handling them. With such a rich and
controversial heritage, this Mastiff can be the ideal dog for the home owner who wants a unique breed which still
retains much of the primitive demeanor and outlook typical of its ancestors. This breed can also be a faithful
companion and a guardian to the home owner because it has the warrior spirit that makes it bold and intimidating to
strangers or intruders.